Distribution and Importance Centaurium erythraea Rafn (Synonym: C. umbellatum Gilib., C. minus Moench, Erythraea centaurium Pers., Commonly Centaury), is a medicinal plant known for centuries; it was described by Dioscorides as early as in the first century A. D. For medicinal purposes its aerial flowering part, mostly called Centaurii herba or Herba centaurii minoris is used. According to some pharmocopoeias, this drug may include also C pulchellum (Sw.) Druce, C uliginosum (W. et K.) Beck (Synonym: C. littorale ssp. uliginosum (W. et K.) Melderis) and C. majus (Hoffm. et Link) Zeltner (Synonym: Erythraea major Hoffm. et Link). Centaurium erythraea () is a member of the family Gentianaceae. It is a herbaceous winter-annual plant, 2-50 cm high, with a basal rosette of leaves and usually solitary, but sometimes several erect stems branched at the top. Basal leaves are obovate or elliptic (10-50×8-20 mm), prominently three to seven-veined. Cauline leaves are shorter, narrow, and acute, but never parallel-sided. Flowers are sesile or subsesile, pink, often clustered, forming a dense corymb-like cyme. Centaurium erythraea is distributed in oceanic Europe and the Mediterranean. Formerly, Centaurii herba was mainly Read more […]
Archive for category Centaury'
Centaurium erythraea Rafn. (Gentianaceae) Synonym(s) and related species Century, Common centaury, Feverwort. Centaurium minus Auct. subsp. minus, Centaurium minus Moench, Centaurium umbellatum Gilib., Erythraea centaurium (L.) Pers. Pharmacopoeias Centaury (British Ph 2009, European Ph, 6th ed., 2008 and Supplements 6.1, 6.2, 6.3 and 6.4). Constituents The iridoids (bitters) are considered to be the main active constituents of centaury, and include gentiopicroside (about 2%), with centapicrin, gentioflavoside, sweroside and swertiamarin and m-hydroxybenzoylesters of sweroside, and catapicrin. Highly methylated xanthones, including eustomin and 8-demethyleustomin, have been found recently. Alkaloids of the pyridine type, including gentianine, gentianidine, gentioflavine, are also found in trace amounts. The triterpenoids alpha- and beta-amyrin, erythrodiol, crataegolic acid, oleanolic acid and sitosterol are also present Use and indications Centaury is used for disorders of the upper digestive tract, mainly dyspepsia. It is also used in anorexia and has reported anti-inflammatory activity. It should not be taken by patients with peptic ulceration. Pharmacokinetics No relevant pharmacokinetic data found. Interactions Read more […]