Turnera diffusa Willd. ex Schult. (Tumeraceae) Synonym(s) and related species Turnera aphrodisiaca Ward, Turnera diffusa var aphrodisiaca (Ward) Urb, Turnera microphylla. Constituents Damiana leaves contain flavonoids including trimethoxy-flavone derivatives. The hydroquinone arbutin, a cyanogenetic glycoside tetraphylline B and the phytosterol β-sitosterol have also been reported. The volatile oil contains, among other components, alpha- and beta-pinene, thymol, alpha-copaene, 8-cadinene and calamene. Use and indications Damiana is used most often as an aphrodisiac, but, although there are some animal studies, there is no clinical evidence to support this use. It is also reported to be mildly sedative and antidepressant. Pharmacokinetics No relevant pharmacokinetic data found. Interactions overview No interactions with damiana found.
Archive for category Damiana'
Historical Note Damiana is a wild deciduous shrub found in the arid and semi-arid regions of South America, Mexico, United States and West Indies. It is believed that Mayan Indians used damiana to prevent giddiness, falling and loss of balance, and as an aphrodisiac. It has also been used during childbirth, and to treat colic, stop bed wetting and bring on suppressed menses. Today its leaves are used for flavouring in food and beverages, and infusions and other preparations are used for a variety of medicinal purposes. Common Name Damiana Other Names Herba de la pastora, Mexican damiana, miziboc, old woman’s broom, shepherd’s herb, stag’s herb Botanical Name / Family Turnera diffusa, Damiana aphrodisiaca, Turnera aphrodisiaca (family Turneraceae) Plant Parts Used Dried leaves and stems Chemical Components Sesquiterpenes, alkaloids, essential oils containing caryophyllene, delta-cadinene, beta-elemeneand 1-8 cineol and other lesser constituents, tetraphylin B (a cyanogenic glycoside, 0.26%), resin, tannins, gum, mucilage, starch, a bitter element and possibly caffeine. Damiana also contains a flavone and at least five flavonoids including arbutin. Main Actions The pharmacological actions of damiana have Read more […]