Archive for category Gentian'

Gentian

Historical Note The genus Gentiana is derived from Gentius, king of ancient llyra who is attributed with the discovery of its therapeutic effects. In ancient Greece and Rome it was used to relieve common gastrointestinal symptoms, much as it is used today. It was first noted in the Chinese medical literature in 50 BC. Other Names Gentiana, yellow gentian, wild gentian Botanical Name / Family Gentiana lutea (family Gentianaceae) Plant Parts Used Root and rhizome Chemical Components Secoiridoid bitter glycosides, oligosaccharides, phenolic acids, phytosterols, polysaccharides (inulin and pectin), tannin, lupeol, beta-amyrin triterpenes, xanthones and essential oil. Main Actions The active principals in gentian root are the bitter constituents, gentiopicroside and amarogentin. DIGESTIVE STIMULANT The bitter principals induce reflex excitation of taste receptors and increased saliva, gastric juice and bile secretion thereby stimulating appetite and digestion according to in vivo experiments. The small human study confirmed oral administration of gentian root extract increases gastric juice secretion and emptying of the gall bladder (ESCOP 2003). Other Actions A gentian root preparation inhibited Helicobacter Read more […]