Archive for category Veterinary'

Diseases of the Urogenital System

Herbs For Diseases Of The Urogenital System Prescription For Nephritis Strategy Treat conventionally until the patient is stable in acute conditions. Treat the underlying etiology if known  (infectious, immune complexes, etc.). Consider ACE inhibitors and conventional renal support, appropriate diet therapy, and thromboxane and PAF inhibitors. Use alcohol or glycetract tinctures for best results; alternatively, use teas. Astragalus: Immune enhancing, cardiotonic, diuretic, hypotensive; 1 part. Dong guai: Blood tonic, circulatory stimulant, vasodilator; 1 part. Siberian ginseng: Immune modulating, adaptogen; 1 part. Hawthorn: Hypotensive, vasodilator, antioxidant, cardiotonic; 1 part. Ginkgo: Inhibits platelet activating factor, antioxidant, circulatory stimulant; 1 part. For tinctures, give 1 ml per 10 pounds twice daily in food. For teas, give one-fourth cup per 10 pounds twice daily in food. Consider using Cordyceps as well: Dried herb, 25 to 100 mg / kg divided daily if extracted and dried; triple or quadruple dose for unprocessed herb; tincture, 1:2 to 1:3: 0.5 to 2 mL per 10 kg (20 pounds) divided daily and diluted or combined with other herbs. Chinese herbal formulas including Rehmannia Read more […]

Herbs For Diseases Of The Urogenital System

Herbs can treat a number of diseases of the urogenital system, including acute and chronic nephritis, cystitis, FLUTD, urinary incontinence, prostate and ovarian conditions, and urolithiasis (calcium oxalate, struvite, and urate). Herbal actions of interest include the renal protective herbs that aid chronic renal disease, diuretics, urinary antiseptics, bladder tonics, antilithic herbs, and demulcents. Herbs that benefit prostate health are also discussed. Renal-tonic and protective herbs Several herbs may be beneficial for nephropathies. Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus) has been shown to increase plasma and muscle protein and reduce urinary output of protein by improving dysfunctional protein metabolism in glomerulopathy. It can also prevent glomerular sclerosis. In rats with experimental nephritis, large doses of oral astragalus improved renal function, thus supporting the traditional use of large doses for the treatment of chronic nephritis in people. In China, another species of Astragalus (Astragalus mongholicus) and Dong guai (Angelica sinensis) have been used to treat nephrotic syndrome. Both herbs together or enalapril were administered to rats with chronic induced nephrosis and compared with control Read more […]

Diseases of the Respiratory System

Herbs For Diseases Of The Respiratory System Prescription For Bronchitis Prescription For Feline Bronchial Asthma Strategy Treatment depends on the severity and concurrent conventional treatment. For example, if the patient is on steroids, consider hepatoprotection and immune support. Inhalant drugs (bronchodilators and steroids) may be necessary for some patients. Consider inhalation therapy of inhaled steam from herbal teas. Avoid stressing cats if administering herbs is difficult. Consider herbs that stabilize mast cells and the herbs for allergic bronchitis. The following simple formula for feline asthma support is easy to give and well tolerated (use glycetract). Marshmallow: Demulcent, vulnery, diuretic, antitussive; 1 part. Give one-half to 1 ml per 10 pounds 2 to 3 times daily in food or diluted and by mouth. Prescription For Sinusitis / Rhinitis Strategy Determine whether inhaled allergens are involved (boarding the patient in a different environment for a few days might improve the condition) and reduce exposure to inhaled allergens (such as dust mites). Consider environmental irritants such as cigarette smoke, dust, and pollution, and consider elimination diets. Inhalation therapy may be useful. Read more […]

Herbs For Diseases Of The Respiratory System

Herbs provide a number of actions that benefit both upper and lower respiratory diseases, including bronchitis (acute, allergic, and chronic), feline bronchial asthma, and sinusitis / rhinitis. Interestingly, some of the respiratory herbs are in the most commonly used, mass produced cough medicines available through pharmacies. These include cherry bark, Irish moss, and Licorice. Several groups of herbal actions are useful in the treatment of chronic respiratory disorders, and many traditional respiratory herbs fall into more than 1 group. In terms of respiratory therapy, the major actions are as follows. Antitussives Antitussives reduce coughing either through demulcent action, by removing the irritation (expectorant) action, or by depressing the cough reflex. This group therefore includes expectorants, demulcents, and anticatarrhals. The best known antitussive herbs are Irish moss (Cbondrus crispus), Wild cherry (Prunus serotina), and Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra). Licorice root contains a potent antitussive compound, liquilitin apioside, the antitussive effects of which may depend on both peripheral and central mechanisms. A 50% methanol extract of licorice (100 mg / kg PO) reduced by more than 60% the number Read more […]

Prescription For Bronchitis

(Acute, Allergic, And Chronic) Strategy Warming tonics such as Astragalus or Panax ginseng are contraindicated in acute infection. In acute conditions consider antiseptic, antitussive, demulcent, expectorant, and immune-stimulating herbs. Consider perpetuating factors in chronic bronchitis such as pollution and airborne irritants. There is usually overactivity of secretory glands and goblet cells, so expectorant herbs are emphasized. Treat any chronic infection, and consider Ginger in cold patients to help diffuse the formula (circulatory stimulant). Antispasmodics, antimicrobials, expectorants, demulcents, and pulmonary tonics are indicated in chronic conditions. Bronchodialting herbs such as Lobelia may be helpful; also consider antiinflammatory herbs such as Licorice. In chronic conditions, also consider cardiotonics such as Hawthorn and nervines such as Motherwort. Also consider immune stimulants such as Echinacea and Astragalus. Herbal acute bronchitis support formula Echinacea: Immunostimulant, antiinflammatory, vulnery, antimicrobial; 1 part. Marshmallow: Demulcent, vulnery, diuretic, antitussive; 1 part. Elecampane: Expectorant, antitussive, antibacterial, diaphoretic; 1 part. Licorice: Antispasmodic, Read more […]

Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System

Herbs For Diseases Of The Musculoskeletal System Disorders of the musculoskeletal system — including arthritis, hip and elbow dysplasia, ligament conditions such as anterior cruciate / luxating patellas, and spinal arthritis / spondylosis — generally present as altered gait or lameness caused by pain. These conditions benefit from physical therapies including acupuncture, chiropractics, physiotherapy, and massage, as well as weight reduction where appropriate. Chondroprotective agents should always be considered and conventional antiinflammatory agents should be considered for acute injuries. Alternatives to nonsteroidal antiinflammatories are often sought because of concerns over side effects of medications including continued degeneration of joints and gastrointestinal, hepatic, or renal effects. Musculoskeletal conditions affect the whole body. Pain in one area leads to biomechanical changes elsewhere due to shifts in weight bearing and movement. The whole body must be evaluated, not just the affected limb or back. Frequently, muscle spasm, trigger points, myofascial pain, and joint pain are detected elsewhere in the body. Similarly, herbalists take a systemic approach to treating musculoskeletal disorders. Read more […]

Anti-Inflammatory Herbs

Withania (Withania somnifera) Withania is a useful component of any musculoskeletal formula as both an adaptogen and an herb. It was traditionally recognized in Ayurvedic medicine for musculoskeletal disorders. Although the mechanism of action is not fully understood, it appears that Withania may involve cyclooxygenase inhibition and a direct musculotropic action that accounts for the antispasmodic effects of Withania. Devil’s claw (Harpagophyturn procumbens) Devil’s claw is a threatened plant species used in traditional African medicine for arthritis. In humans it has been investigated for the treatment of nonspecific lower back pain, arthritis, and rheumatism, and has been shown to be effective for pain relief when the extract provides more than 50 mg of harpagoside daily. However, the effects of Devil’s claw are not just due to the constituent harpagoside. In one in vitro study it was shown to suppress prostaglandin (PG)E2 synthesis and nitric oxide production by inhibiting lipopolysaccharide-stimulated enhancement of cox2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase mRNA expression. It has been included in a formula with Black currant (Ribes nigrum), Horsetail (Equisetum arvense), and White willow (Salix alba) and compared Read more […]

Diseases of the Eye and Ear

  Herbs For Diseases Of The Eye And Ear A number of eye and ear diseases may be treated with herbal therapy. They include cataracts, conjunctivitis, corneal ulcers, glaucoma, keratoconjuntivitis sicca, and otitis (chronic and acute). Many of today’s ophthalmic preparations have origins in ethnobotanical history. Atropine has been derived from solanaceous plants, physostigmine was used as a poison, and pilocarpine was used by Amazonians as a panacea. For chronic or serious eye problems, referral to an ophthalmologist is always recommended. For mild conditions or as adjunctive therapy herbs can be used as eye washes or eye drops. Fresh herbal tea should be made fresh daily and kept refrigerated when not in use. Sterile saline can be used to infuse the herb. Consider the systemic implications or associations of eye conditions and consider herbal treatment for pain relief, immune modulation, vulnery (healing) action, antiinflammatory effects, and health support. Cataracts Corneal Ulcers Strategy Trauma to the cornea must occur for microbial colonization to occur. Consider herpes virus infection in cats with corneal ulcers. Topical Aloe gel (Aloe vera) has been advocated for the treatment of corneal ulcers Read more […]

Cataracts

Strategy Cataracts can be caused by toxic insult (chemotherapy), nutritional deficiencies, heredity, genetic predisposition, or diabetes, as well as endogenous causes such as uveitis, retinal degeneration (PRA), and glaucoma. Referral to a veterinary ophthalmologist and possible surgical treatment is warranted, but if that is not possible then herbal support may be beneficial. Use herbs that are high in antioxidants and that improve circulation. Botanicals such as Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) may be helpful. In diabetic cataracts, flavonoids, particularly Quercetin, are potent inhibitors of aldose reductase. In a study of people with senile cataracts, a combination of Bilberry (standardized to 25% anthocyanosides; given at a dose of 180 mg twice daily) and vitamin E (100 mg twice daily) that was given for 4 months halted progression in 96% of patients compared to 76% of the control group. In a study in rats with early senile cataract and macular degeneration, the effect of Bilberry was investigated over 1.5 to 3 months. The treatment group was given a diet supplemented with 25% Bilberry extract (20 mg / kg, including 4.5 mg of antocianidin) or vitamin E (40 mg / kg). At the end of the study, more than 70% of the Read more […]

Otitis

Strategy Consider ear cytology to identify disease processes and type of disease organisms present. Diagnosis of underlying etiology is important; the herbal strategy usually requires attention to the immune system (allergies, infections) and overall health. Consider products that flush exudates and disinfect the ear canal prior to instilling herbal products. Consider the primary causes of ear disease, such as foreign bodies, hypothyroidism, seborrheic diseases, and underlying pruritic disease (atopy, food hypersensitivity, parasites), as well as other dermatological conditions that affect the ear canal, such as autoimmune diseases, keratinization disorders, and drug reactions. Consider predisposing causes of ear disease such as breed predilection for more cerumen glands that result in yeast, as well as excess moisture from bathing or swimming and trauma from overzealous cleaning or plucking. Consider perpetuating factors that keep the process going, such as contact allergies to otic preparations and overtreatment with cleaners or inappropriate therapy. In a randomized study, an herbal formula (Allium sativum, Verbascum thapsus, Calendula flores, and Hypericum perforatum in olive oil) was compared with a commercial Read more […]