Yarrow: Medical Uses Yarrow encourages perspiration, appetite, and strength. Historical Uses Yarrow was called “soldiers’ woundwort” because the leaves were taken onto the battlefield and applied to stop wounds from bleeding. Yarrow compresses were used for hemorrhoids. In folklore, fresh yarrow root was used as an anesthetic for surgery. Fresh roots or leaves were also mashed in whiskey and used for toothache. Growth Yarrow grows wild in meadows and on roadsides in North America. The flower heads grow in clusters of different-colored varieties of white, yellow, orange, and bright red. White yarrow is the variety most often used medicinally. Yarrow repels ants, flies, Japanese beetles, and termites. Part Used • Flowers (whole white flower heads) Major Chemical Compounds • Tannins • Volatile oils • Flavonoids • Vitamins (ascorbic acid, folic acid) • Coumarins Yarrow: Clinical Uses Yarrow encourages perspiration, appetite, and strength. It is approved by the German Commission E for loss of appetite and dyspepsia and externally for psychosomatic cramps of the female pelvis. Mechanism of Action The anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties of yarrow may result from its flavonoid Read more […]
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Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae) Synonym(s) and related species Achillea, Milfoil, Nosebleed. Achillea collina Becker and Achillea lanulosa Nutt. are closely related and are also frequently used. Pharmacopoeias Yarrow (British Ph 2009, European Ph, 6th ed., 2008 and Supplements 6.1, 6.2, 6.3 and 6.4). Constituents Yarrow contains a volatile oil composed of various monoterpenes (including limonene and alpha-thujone), and sesquiterpene lactones (including achillicin, achillin, millefin and millefolide). Azulene is the major component in the closely related Achillea collina and Achillea lanulosa but it is reported to be absent in Achillea millefolium. Yarrow also contains pyrrolidine and pyridine alkaloids, flavonoids (including apigenin, quercetin and rutin), tannins and sugars. Use and indications Yarrow has been used in the treatment of bruises, swellings and strains, and for fevers and colds. It has also been used for essential hypertension, amenorrhoea, dysentery, diarrhea and specifically for thrombotic conditions. There is little, if any, clinical evidence to support these uses, but extracts and many of the constituents have reported anti-inflammatory and antiplatelet activity. Pharmacokinetics An Read more […]