Crinum asiaticum

Crinum asiaticum L. (Amaryllidaceae)

Crinum Lily, Spider Lily, Bawang Tanah

Crinum asiaticum L. is a bulbous herb with a flowering stalk in the centre of the plant. The leaves are narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, 0.5-1.5 m long, greenish and have a hairy texture. The flowering stem is about 1-1.2 m. Flowers are white, 6-12 in an umbel. Filaments are reddish. The fruit is irregularly globose, 4-5 cm across, with one or a few large green seeds.

Origin

Native to Tropical Asia, introduced in Northern America.

Phytoconstituents

Crinamine, lycoricidine, hamayne, isocraugsodine, palmilycorine, lycoriside, ambelline, crinasiatin, hippadine, bakonine, pratorimine, crinine, powelline, ungeremine, criasbetaine, crinasiatine, phenanthridone II and others.

Traditional Medicinal Uses

In Southeast Asian countries, C. asiaticum has a considerable medicinal reputation as a potent folk medicine in the treatment of injury and inflamed joints. The plant has been used for carbuncles and cancer. In Indonesia, the oiled and heated leaves are useful to treat wounds by poisoned arrows, bites and stings. In Malaysia, poultices of the leaves are applied to swellings, swollen joints, lumbago, pains and in cases of headache and fever. The leaves are also an emollient. In Northwest Solomon Islands, the leaves make a topical treatment for inflammation. In Malaysia, the leaves are used as a rheumatic remedy and to relieve local pain. On Karkar Island and in Simbu, Papua New Guinea, the latex from the leaves is applied to cuts. In India, the leaves are applied to skin diseases and inflammation. The crushed leaves are used to wash piles or mixed with honey and applied to wounds and abscesses. Its seeds are considered purgative and emmenagogic. In the Trobriands, Papua New Guinea, the stem fibres are used to stop bleeding and in New Ireland, the milky sap from the stem is used for stone-fish wounds. The bulb is an emetic and counterirritant. In Papua New Guinea, juice obtained from bulb is ingested regularly for 2 months to treat gonorrhoea. In the Philippines, the bulbs are crushed and applied as an ointment. Juice from the fresh bulbs, taken several times per month induces vomiting. It is also instilled in the ear to treat otitis. The root is also an emetic, diaphoretic and nauseant when fresh. In a Finschhafen area village, Papua New Guinea, the cut root is cooked in a banana leaf, then cooled and placed on an aching tooth. Roots are used in New Caledonia, Indonesia, and Malaysia in a poultice for wounds, ulcers and swellings.

Pharmacological Activities

Analgesic and Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antiviral, Anticancer, Antitumour, Mast cells degranulation, Antimitotic and Membrane stabilising.

Dosage

No information as yet.

Adverse Reactions

No information as yet.

Toxicity

No information as yet.

Contraindications

No information as yet.

Drug-Herb Interactions

No information as yet.