Fenugreek: Background. Actions

Historical Note Fenugreek’s seeds and leaves are used not only as food but also as an ingredient in traditional medicine. It is indigenous to Western Asia and Southern Europe, but is now mainly cultivated in India, Pakistan, France, Argentina and North African countries. In ancient times it was used as an aphrodisiac by the Egyptians and, together with honey, for the treatment of rickets, diabetes, dyspepsia, rheumatism, anaemia and constipation. It has also been described in early Greek and Latin pharmacopoeias for hyperglycaemia and was used by Yemenite Jews for type 2 diabetes. In India and China it is still widely used as a therapeutic agent. In the United States, it has been used since the 19th century for postmenopausal vaginal dryness and dysmenorrhea. Common Name Fenugreek Other Names Trigonella seeds, bird’s foot, Greek hay, hu lu ba, methi, trigonella Botanical Name / Family Trigonella foenum graecum (family Leguminosae) Plant Parts Used Dried mature seed, although leaves are used less commonly. Chemical Components The main chemical constituents are fibre, tannicacid, fixed and volatile oils and a bitter extractive, steroidal saponins, flavonoids, polysaccharides, alkaloids, trigonelline, trigocoumarin, Read more […]