Nerium oleander

Nerium oleander L. (Apocynaceae) Oleander Flowers of Nerium oleander Nerium oleander shrub Nerium oleander L. is a small shrub up to 2 m high. Leaves are very narrowly elliptic, 5-21 by 1-3.5 cm, dark green, without stipules, leathery and arranged in whorls of three. Flowers are showy and fragrant. Sepals are narrowly triangular to narrowly ovate, 3-10 mm. Corolla is purplish red, pink, white, salmon, or yellow. Fruits consist of cylindrical follicles, 12-23 cm. Seeds are oblong, coma, about 0.9-1.2 cm. Origin Native to southern Europe, and widely cultivated and naturalised in Asia, Europe and North America. Phytoconstituents Oleandroside, kaneroside, neriaside, nerigoside, neriu-moside, neridiginoside, nerizoside, neritaloside, proceragenin, neridienone A, cardenolides N-l to N-4 and others. Traditional Medicinal Uses The plant is used in Ayurveda to treat scabies, eye disease and haemorrhoids. It is used to treat parasitic infection in Calabria (Southern Italy). Leaf decoction is used to treat diabetes in southeastern Morocco. Bark, leaf, flower are used medicinally as a cardiotonic and diuretic. Pharmacological Activities Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Antibacterial, Anticancer/Antineoplastic, Antifungal, Read more […]