Honduras Mahogany, Broad-leaved Mahogany

Swietenia macrophylla King (Meliaceae)

Swietenia macrophylla King is an evergreen tree, up to 30-35 m tall. Bark is grey and smooth when young, turning dark brown, ridged and flaky when old. Leaves are up to 35-50 cm long, alternate, glabrous with 4-6 pairs of leaflets. Each leaflet is 9-18 cm long. Flowers are small and white; and the fruit is dehiscent, usually 5-lobed capsule, erect, 12-15 cm long, grayish brown, smooth or minutely verrucose. The seed is woody, glossy and possesses wing-like structure at the base that aids its dispersion by wind.

Origin

Native to South America, cultivated in the Asia-Pacific and the Pacific for its quality wood.

Phytoconstituents

Swietenine, swietenolide, andirobin, khayasin T, swietemahonins E-G, swietenine acetate, swietenolide tiglate and others.

Traditional Medicinal Uses

The seeds of Swietenia macrophylla are traditionally used in several indigenous systems of medicine for the treatment of various ailments such as hypertension, diabetes and malaria. The local folks of Malaysia believe that the seeds are capable of “curing” hypertension and diabetes. The seeds are usually consumed raw by chewing. A decoction of seeds of Swietenia macrophylla is reported to treat malaria in Indonesia. Among the Amazonian Bolivian ethnic groups, the seeds are traditionally used to induce abortion by drinking a decoction of the seeds and to heal wounds and various ailments of the skin via external application of the mashed seeds.

Pharmacological Activities

Antimalarial, Antihypertensive and Antidiarrhoeal.

Dosage

No information as yet.

Adverse Reactions

No information as yet.

Toxicity

Uterine haemorrhage.

Contraindications

No information as yet.

Drug-Herb Interactions

No information as yet.